War events in the world have changed the relation among countries and communities in the all around the world. The French and Indian war, is an extension war among the colonies is regarded as the bloodiest event in American history in the 18th century (Cave, 2004, p. 45).  The war was between the American and England colonies who were against the Indians and French in the North America, referred to as the seven year war because it lasted from 1754 to1763 (Anderson, 2004, p. 75). Apparently, before the war the population of French population in North America was outnumbered by the English colonies, but they were advantages to have the support from the native people in their frontier (Santella, 2004, p. 96). The war resulted from the contest of Ohio River Valley, which was between the French and the English men in 1755(Thornton, 2003, 85).The thesis statement is ‘the causes and effects of French and Indian war’.

Causes of the war

Another cause of the war was the on the struggle for wealth and territory in the North America.  Tension built up between the French and British because each side wanted to expand their land territory (Cave, 2004, p. 51).  The English men, George Washington and his men made an effort to request the French troops to withdrawal from the Ohio region. However, the request to vacate was rejected by the French colonies in the area in 1754 (Anderson, 2004, p. 78).  Washington had received authorization to construct a fort in Pittsburgh, but was unsuccessful because the land was under the control of French troops (Sheppard, 2007, p. 15). This resulted to Washington troop attacking the French forces, a battle that made Washington surrender the fort he had constructed in a month’s time (Santella, 2004, p. 100).  There were several small battle that arose from an incident between the French and the British forces. British sent Edward Braddock, a British general to oversee the British forces, but was brutally murdered by French (Thornton, 2003, 102).

After about a year and ahalf, after the murder incidence the British and French declaredwar in the year 1756 (Anderson, 2004, p. 81). In the first three years, French forces dominated the war despitetheir outnumbered population. The French troop defeated British in battles at Ticonderoga and Oswego.  The most dangerous war was after French victory at the Fort William Henry, after the massacre of the British forces in an attack by the Indian soldiers supporting the French troops. The second phase began in 1756, after the England and France governments formally declared hostility and an international conflict commenced. The conflict between the two forces developed and spread in Europe, India and West Indies, but the central war remained in North America (Santella, 2004, p. 104).  English secretary of state, William Pitt, transformed the war to be under the control of the British by improving shelter, war equipment, supplies and manpower in the force. This led to resentment of the colonies who resisted new imposition and remained firm to the extent of violently resisting them. The conflict between British and French colonies was treating the war to come to an end, in early 1758 (Cave, 2004, p. 57). In the early 1758, Pitt initiated a plan for the final phase of the war by reducing some policies that America was obligated to observe. This resulted from increased support from Americans during the war and gradual increase in American enlistment to favor British troops (Sheppard, 2007, p. 26).  The number of French soldiers was overwhelmed accompanied by poor harvest, thus could not resist the force of the British and American troops. Louisburg, the stronghold territory among the French was captured by English army making the end of American involvement in the war. By the end of 1760, French troop surrendered to the British authority in Montreal (Thornton, 2003, 110).

Effects of the war

The seven years’ war had several effects on American colonist and the British Empire.  The American Revolution resulted from the resentment between the English government and the French colonists (Cave, 2004, p. 57).  The victory of British during the war had an effect on the British Empire. British expanded its territory boundary in the North America. However, British incurred debts as the financial and military support from colonists was not enough to sustain their troops during the war (Anderson, 2004, p. 75). Problems that were encountered by British leaders persuaded them to reorganize and establish a central authority which was situated at London to control colonies and resentment of policies that resulted to the American Revolution (Santella, 2004, p. 126). On the other side, American colonists had learned the importance of unity during the time of war. Apparently, before the war American colonist had a different interest and coexisted in a distrust. The abandoned North America was open for control from the American colonies (Thornton, 2003, 115). However, the British decided to control the movement of people in the country to prohibit settlement in the west of Allegheny Mountains.  The Royal proclamation frustrated Americans colonists as they had assisted British to conquer French troops yet they were prohibited by British to the west. Indians allied to French became enemies of British colonists (Sheppard, 2007, p. 15).


The Cause of the war was the on the struggle for wealth and territory in the North America.  Tension built up between the French and British because each side wanted to expand their land territory.  After the war, American colonists had learned the importance of unity during the time of war.


Anderson, F. (2004). George Washington remembers: Reflections on the French and Indian          War. Lanham (Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publ.

Cave, A. A. (2004). The French and Indian war. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.

Santella, A. (2004). The French and Indian War. Minneapolis, Minn: Compass Point Books.

Sheppard, R. (2007). Empires collide: The French and Indian War 1754-63. Oxford: Osprey.

Thornton, J. (2003). The French and Indian War. New York: PowerKids Press.