Most methods that are used in research, such as interview and administering questionnaires are not suitable for obtaining information from children between the ages of 2-6 years in preschool in this case study.Written and oral skills of children are not well developed to give information that is reliable during the case study. As a research dealing with children the best way of collecting information from children is by observing their activities and behavior. Observation is the most effective method of collecting data from preschool children. However, the research should conduct the case study without raising the attention of the children who are participating to avoid changing the normal way of children and collect information that is reliable. The aim of this research is to observe the developmental pattern of children from two children in different preschools by observing their behavior and ability to understand the activities and leaning while in the class. The research will be conducted in a normal classroom in the two schools with the consent of parents and teacher on the children who are being observed. The researcher will observe and record the behavior of the two children who are participating in the research by observing them in their normal class environment on their daily activities (Pate, McIver, Dowda, Brown &Addy, 2008, p. 440).
The objective of the research is to determine the learning ability of the two children and physical development in preparation for elementary school. This will be observed through drawings that are done by the child and their interaction with their teacher and other children in the school. Since the research will take two weeks to acquire needed information, the researcher will request teacher to assist them whenever the need arises. The investigator will pay attention to all activities of the two children and determine their ability of learning when a new topic or this is introduced to them.
During the research, the investigator will observe developmental and skill acquiring process during the in the school when there are playing with other children. The way the child jump, run and skip and the ways these two children play with toys and other item that are in the school environment. The skills of the children in observation in putting on clothing, washing their hands, whether the child can tie shoe laces and manner of eating without the assistance of the teacher or the caregiver. Emotional and social development of the child has to be assessed in the manner that the child interact with adults, especially their teacher and parent and whether they seek companion from the adult more that of children. The investigator has to assess whether they accept suggestions from their teachers. The conduct of these children when they are interacting with other children in both classroom and at the playground (McKechnie, 2000, p. 70).
After the case study, both children have different physical and cognitive development rate which is observable as they carry out the daily activities in the classroom at the playground. The difference is as a result of the school setting and the age difference between them. One of the children, a girl was two years older than the boy had developed his behavior skills and the physical size was much bigger. The learning skills were similar between the two participants, however the older child was much better in mastering information and issues that they were taught in the classroom. Behavioral, intellectual skill development difference between children was due to the difference in sex and age.
According to the research, only the girl child quality to join the elementary school because she has developed both physical size of the body and the intellectual skills. Behavioral, intellectual skill development difference between children in the classroom is due to the difference in sex and age.
McKechnie, L. (2000). Ethnographic observation of preschool children. Library & Information Science Research, 22(1), 61-76.
Pate, R. R., McIver, K., Dowda, M., Brown, W. H., &Addy, C. (2008). Directly observed physical activity levels in preschool children. Journal of School Health, 78(8), 438-444.