Human Sexuality throughout History Time-line
Although biology plays a paramount role in sexual motivation, culture influences wide-ranging ways in which sexual motivation is acted upon and expressed. Markedly, these historical cultural influences include events such as the control of contraception, the sexual revolution, the redefining of gender roles, and the emergence of contraception. Ideally, most of these events have changed people’s views on sexuality today. Historical heritage is the basis of the current situation. In context, historical mixture includes aspects that cherished individual freedom. For instance, the first birth control pill, Enovid, went on the market in 1960 and the pill was both controlled and reliable to a woman because it did not require the knowledge or the consent of her partner (Greenberg, 2011, p. 32).
The sexual revolution was a major concern in regard to the rules of engagement. Women were therefore encouraged by doctors to expound on their natural desires. Subsequently, this prescription was accepted by women and ignored the fine print. In addition, there were wide-ranging and notable events that took place in the 20th century for women. Ideally, these events reveal the power in peoples roles and how this perception changed during the 20th century. Critically, the clinic was closed after 10 days later while the next was opened after seven days in 1923.
The World War I created a Zeitgeist, which was full of nationalism in America. It also symbolized that people were mortal and any day could be the last. During this time, views towards sex were changing as feminists from the World War 1 era condemned the perception of family and its roles. As a result, the idea of sexual revolution was accepted. Ideally, this included divorce, which was considered a normal occurrence, multiple partners, and the acceptance of premarital sex that was believed to ruin the reputation of women.
Before the famous revolution, the caprice of men decide and verified the reputation, if not women’s fate. On the other hand, female desires were limited within the marriage vows, as men discreetly enjoyed their sexual liberties and limited their traditional privileges for sex. However, there were amendments after the revolution where women could dispense with marriage or men without necessarily giving up a lifetime loving relationship, their children or sex (Reynolds, 2005, p. 17). As a result, the majority of women continued marring men, loving them, and even had children with them. This was an indication and proof that, for the first time in history, women had a choice.
It was after experiencing 15 years of war and economic depression that most women and men were happy and thrilled to register for the suburban lifestyle, new traditionalism, and the female domesticity. Subsequently, teachers, politicians, business leaders, medical experts, and intellectuals worked extremely hard to give their women the best. Precisely, in 1957, most Americans believed that people who refused to marry were immoral, sick, or neurotic. Additionally, more than half of American women got married in their mid 20s and those who were not married at this age were regarded as damaged goods and so they to be pitied or avoided. Gender roles were taken into consideration as both genders were assigned distinct roles. The role of men was to provide to the family, while women served as assistants who took care of family matters that men could not resolve. Therefore, the long-term survival of the nuclear family was determined by both sex’s compliance to fulfill their assigned roles.
By the late 1950s, many raised an alarm claiming that America had turned into a real life assault of snatchers. The order of the nuclear family was dependent on the capability of wives and husbands to economically sustain the arrangement. In late 1940s, very few American women both married and single worked away from their home. Markedly, women constituted only 30% of the labor force of the nation. During the 1960s, women had begun increasing their workforce numbers. College-educated daughters opted to pursue careers and delay marriage. Similarly, their mothers began embracing technology and went to work when their kids left home. After the oil shock of 1973, income growth stagnated and as a result, women flooded into the paid labor force so as to maintain the family income (Rhoades, 2006).
The cry and hue over sex discrimination present a coherent look inside the hearts of powerful men who were obliged to reflect a world where both sexes would be equal. Markedly, historical heritage is the basis of the present situation. Christianity was the most important factor in terms of sex. However, apart from religion, the state imposed constraints for solely secular reasons. In a totalistic government, there are high chances of restricting sexual behavior. Indeed, humanity has come a long way from being conservative to embracing changes. In all these events, sexuality has graduated in various levels (Riva, 2003, p. 2). Before the 1900s, women were regarded as housekeepers while men were breadwinners. As years passed, this whole perception changed. Women have a choice today. In addition, contraceptives have gradually been accepted in the society as a family planning method. Each of these events have played a significant role in humanity from the 19th century to date.
Carlson, E. A. (2013). The 7 sexes: Biology of sex determination. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Greenberg, J. S., Bruess, C. E., & Conklin, S. C. (2011). Exploring the dimensions of human sexuality. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett.
Reynolds, K. E., & Magnan, M. A. (2005). Nursing attitudes and beliefs toward human sexuality: collaborative research promoting evidence-based practice. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 19(5), 255-259.
Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2006). Pre-engagement cohabitation and gender asymmetry in marital commitment. Journal of Family Psychology, 20(4), 553.
Riva, G., Teruzzi, T., & Anolli, L. (2003). The use of the internet in psychological research: comparison of online and offline questionnaires. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 6(1), 73- 80.