Folk wisdom/ Deception in Research
Folk wisdom/ Deception in Research
Birds of a feather flock together
In most cases, many proverbs will carry a hidden meaning implying that one has to go beyond the ‘surface’ and go an extra step to bring into light hidden meaning. ‘Social judgment theory experiment’ is an example of a social psychological experimental approach that can be used to test the validity of the above stated adage. Henry Tajfel alongside his colleagues is the ones behind the development of the experiment. It was designed with the main intention of carrying out an exploration on the internal processes of individual’s judgment. It also investigated on how it is simple for people to come together into groups. Finally, it helped to assess on how members within a group tend to favor each other while discriminating out-group members (Barnett, 1997).
Using this approach, I will be able to investigate the reasons behind the premise ‘people having same interests will tend to spend time together.’ It would help in investigating the bonds that exists between members who share something in common. However, the approach can never be able to give the empirical magnitude of such relationships, as it may not be possible to measure such subjects mathematically. A study carried out by Heel (2011-2012), can be used to analyze the proverb. The study was conducted and investigated the concept of multilingualism with the South African Police service Potchefstroom. The study investigates the similarities and interactions that exist between different communities. This will thus form a good foundation of investigating the connections and relations that people of the same background or sharing mutual interests have in common.
Deception in Social Psychological Experiments
Psychological experiments ethically permit deception approach in research. Provided that some requirements and provisions are met, then psychological researchers can make use of deceptive methods. However, the autonomy of the respondents is to be maintained to high degrees and there should be no violation of the research participants. Psychological researchers will use methodological deception approach in order to misguide the research participants. This is in regard to their psychological understanding so that the participants do no clearly understand what the experiment intends to establish. However, moral concerns will be put into consideration and as such; there will be no violation of those participating in the experiments. This approach is considered important in social psychological experiments in the sense that it helps the researchers in obtaining any morally significant information. The information obtained is in regard to certain behavioral tendencies. Secondly, those participants involved in research as well as the general individuals will have a chance of acquiring self-knowledge that can be of importance while making autonomous decisions. The entire community will have a chance of acquiring collective self-knowledge. Once shared, this knowledge can be very significant in devising and informing policies, and shaping of education. The knowledge can also be used in creating a society that is more efficient and just. Finally, it can be said that the society is only able to obtain information on certain behavioral tendencies by the use of methodological deception approach in social psychology experiments.
In conclusion, the above discussion proverbs carry hidden information and as such one has to do an in-depth study in order to have an inner meaning. Deception in social psychology experiments is considered ethical and to some extent, it is associated with some advantages. As such, it should be used especially in cases where the research problem aims at uncovering any information that relates to certain behavioral tendencies, provided there is no violation of the participants.
Barnett, G. A. (1997). Advances in persuasion. Greenwich, Conn. [u.a.: Ablex Publ. [u.a..
Heel, I. V. (2011-2012). “Birds of the same feather flock together” A case study of multilingualism within the South African police service Potchefstroom. Tilburg University, 1-128.