Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and its effects.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and its effects.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has been a major topic for discussion in recent years and is gaining the public attention and medical practitioners. It is a disorder that is estimated to be affecting approximately 4 to 5 percent of children. According to Nigg (2006) ADHD is a chronic mental illness that is very rampant among the young children within the U.S. Accordingly; attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can affect every aspect of an individual’s life and, especially the children. Arguably, it affects not only on the young children, but also on parents as well as the siblings. It causes instability to family and may also cause disturbance to the marital functioning. The undesired effects of ADHD varies from an individual’s, from childhood to adulthood, with varying effects of the mental disorder being more outstanding at varying stages. Nigg (2006) asserts that ADHD in some occasions may continue into adulthood, which will cause disturbance to both personal and professional life. It is also important to not that ADHD affects the patient’s and more specifically the family’s financial status because of the increased medical care costs.

ADHD is distinguished by the inability to concentrate or pay attention or hyperactivity, or all. An appropriate diagnosis of ADHD is primarily based on demonstrating these characters to a level that is not consistent with development level of a child, over a wide period of time and in various settings. With regard to healing and treatment, ADHD is primarily treated by using appropriate drug therapy or psychiatric guidance and counseling. Several controversies on ADHD are largely based on whether it is over or under diagnosed and treated.

ADHD is a chronic mental health problem that is disturbing, and which may affect on several aspects of a person’s life. It causes academic problems, affects an individual’s social skills, and can negatively affect the parent-child relationships. It also affects an individual’s overactivity by reducing it such that an individual is inactive, impulsiveness, inattention, and internally restless.  ADHD has an effect of distorting an individual’s self perception and self image (Nigg, 2006). It disrupts an individual’s self development as well as making one to be antisocial and extremely aggressive.

According to Nigg (2006), individuals with ADHD portray extremely oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) that is characterized by the existence of strikingly defiant, provocative behavior, disobedient, and by the lack of more harsh dissocial or violent acts that infringe the law or the constitutional rights of others.

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) might impact on all the aspects of child’s life. Certainly, it also affects parents and siblings hence causing trouble to most families and it has impacted on the marital functioning. The undesirable effects of ADHD to families and children changes from the period of preschool years and it continues throughout primary school and to adolescence, with varying characteristics of the disorder becoming outstanding at diverse stages. ADHD may also continue into adulthood causing disturbance to both personal and professional life. ADHD has been also related with high cost in healthcare for the sick and their family members.

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic, devastating disorder which can result to too many effects in various aspects of a person’s life. This includes difficulties in academics, stressed parent-child relationships, social skills problems and, reduced parenting efficacy, especially when ADHD is comorbid with behavior problems.  Recent studies shows that 30–60% of affected persons continue to show key symptoms of the ADHD even in adulthood (Nigg, 2006). Children with this disorder are at higher risk for developing negative outcomes that are long term, for instance; poor education and employment realization. A vital concern in the efficient treatment of ADHD should be taken into account: how the condition impacts on daily lives of young people, children, and their families and a detailed examination must be conducted.

This condition impacts upon children as they get older, and their relationship with their family’s changes. The major problem in executive function that is seen in ADHD causes a different view in later life, depending on the demands put on the individual by its environment. This varies depending on family and school assets, cognitive ability, age, and insight of the young person.

Adolescents with ADHD have unclear sense of self and it has brought reduction in over activity; impulsiveness, inner restlessness, and inattention are major difficulties. However, Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorders in adolescence have caused them become more aggressive and has developed antisocial behavior (Nigg, 2006).

In conclusion, ADHD is a chronic mental health problem that has attracted the attention of medical practitioners and the general public. It is a disturbing mental health disorder that affects on several aspects of an individual’s life. It affects one’s academic, social, psychical, development and growth life. It also makes an individual to be inactive, impulsive, inattention, and internally restless. It also has an effect of distorting an individual’s self perception and self image. Life can be a harmonizing act for any individual, but if one finds his or herself being always late and disorganized, excessively forgetful and distracted, and is often overwhelmed by his or her responsibilities, it is a high chance to consider his or herself as having ADHD.



Nigg, J. (2006). What causes ADHD? Understanding what goes wrong and why. New York: Guilford Press